A special underground hide situated in one of the best birding places in Europe.

The Hide
Passerines hide
In The Hide
Passerines hide - In The Hide
Raptorhide
Raptorhide
Chaffinch (Fringilla Coelebs)-Обикновена чинка
Great Tit (Parus Major)-Голям синигер
Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos Major)-Голям пъстър кълвач
Greenfinch (Carduelis Chloris)-Зеленика
Blackbird (Turdaus Merula)-Кос
Hawfinch (Coccothraustes Coccothraustes)-Черешарка
Hoopoe (Upupa Epops)-Папуняк
Jay (Garrulus Glandarius)-Сойка
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos Minor)-Малък пъстър кълвач
Lesser Whitethroat (Sylvia Curruca)-Малко белогушо коприварче
Nightingale (Luscinia Megarhynchos)-Славей
Nuthatch (Sitta Europaea)-Горска зидарка
Robin (Erithacus Rubecula)-Червеношийка
Sombre Tit (Parus Lugubris)-Жалобен синигер
Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula Hypoleuca)-Жалобна мухоловка
Starling (Sturnus Vulgaris)-Скорец
Syrian Woodpecker (Dendrocopos Syriacus)-Сирийски кълвач
Tree Sparrow (Passer Montanus)-Полско врабче
Red Backed Shrike (Lanius Collurio)-Червеногърба сврачка
House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)-Домашно врабче
Goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis)-Щиглец
Dragonflies-Водно конче
MistleThrush (Turdus viscivorus)-Имелов дрозд
Blue tit (parus caeruleus)-Син синигер
Grey wagtail(Motacilla cinerea)-Планинска стърчиопашка
Spotted-Flycatcher-(Muscicapa-striata)-Сива мухоловка
Wren-(Troglodytes-troglodytes)-Орехче
Brambling-(Fringilla-montifringilla)-Планинска чинка
Frogs-Жаба
Raven-(Corvus-corax)-Гарван
Middle spotted woodpecker-(Denrocopos medius)-Среден пъстър кълвач
Fieldfare-(Turdus-pilaris)-Хвойнов дрозд
Sparrow hawk-(Accipiter-nisus)-Малък ястреб
Redwing-(Turdus-iliacus)-Беловежд дрозд
Grey-headed-woodpecker-(Picus-canus)-Сив кълвач
Common buzzard(Buteo-buteo)-Обикновен мишелов
Collared Dove-(Streptopelia-decaocto)-Гугутка
Yellowhammer-(Emberiza-citrinella)-Жълта овесарка
Ortolan-bunting-(Emberiza-hortulana)-Градинска овесарка
Blackcap-(Sylvia atricapila)-Голямо черноглаво коприварче
White wagtail(Motacilla alba)-Сива стърчиопашка
Willow tit(Parus montanus)-Боров синигер
Corn bunting(Emberiza calandra)-Сива овесарка
Grass snake(Natrix natrix)-Жълтоуха водна змия
Black-headed-bunting(Emberiza-melanocephala)-Черноглава овесарка
Wryneck(Jynx torquilla)-Въртошийка
Hare(Lepus europaeus)-Див заек
Himantoglossum-caprinum-Орхидея-Гпляма пърчовка
Barn Swallow(Hirundo rustica)-Селска лястовица
Turtle dove(Streptopelia turtur)-Гургулица
Linnet(Carduelis cannabina)-Конопарче
Willow warbler(Phylloscopus trochilus)-Елов певец
Great Grey Shrike(Lanius excubitor)-Голяма сива сврачка
Green Woodpecker (Picus virdis)-Зелен кълвач
Barred-warbler-(Sylvia nisoria)-Ястребогушо ливадарче
Stonechat - (Saxicola rubicola)-Черногушо ливадарче
European Souslik-(Spermophilus citellus)-Лалугер

Why to choose Bulgaria as the destination for your Nature holiday?

Still unknown to many foreign visitors, Bulgaria is actually a green country with four mild, but well discernable seasons and very variable terrain. High mountains, deep gorges, untouched forests, rivers, broad plains, numerous cliffs as well as a beautiful sea coast are situated in a relatively small territory making the country diverse and interesting.

Because of its geographical position and the different habitats, the country boasts one of the richest biodiversity in Europe.

BIRDS

Bulgaria has more than 400 bird species, of which 267 breed here. In the summer it is one of the best places to see species such as Olive-tree, Orphean and Paddyfield warblers, Semi-col­lared Flycatcher, Isabelline and Pied wheatears, Masked Shrike, Rock Nuthatch, White-backed Woodpecker, Black-headed Bunting, Levant Sparrowhawk and Long-legged Buzzard. Many other rare or hard to find species are easy to observe here – Rock Partridge, Barred Warbler, Scops Owl, and the woodpeckers are just a few. Bulgaria is definitely the best place in Europe to watch Wallcreeper.

Additionally almost all of the species breed here in considerable numbers and the population of one million pairs of Corn Bunting is the simplest evidence of this.

The second biggest migration route in Europe follows the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. Every year hundreds of thousands of raptors, storks, pelicans, waders and passerines fly over it to their wintering grounds, making the observation of the migration spectacular and unforgettable.

The Bulgarian Black Sea coast is also the haunt of many wintering species. Seven globally threat­ened species spend the winter season here. The Red-breasted Goose is undoubtedly the highlight of them all. In January and February almost the whole winter population of this handsome bird can be found concentrated at two small lakes in the northeastern part of the country. The ob­servation of 50,000 Red-breasted Geese is an amazing event for any birdwatcher. Bulgaria is also the most important wintering ground for Pygmy Cormorant which has good numbers here – up to 12,000. Other globally threatened species found in Bulgaria are White-headed Duck, Dal­matian Pelican, Lesser White-fronted Goose, Fer­ruginous Duck and Spotted Eagle. Many other raptors, geese, ducks and passerines spend the winter months here.

MAMMALS

The mammal family is also well presented here, as about seven hundreds Brown bears and more than a thousand wolves are to be found in parts of the country. Many other species, such as Golden Jackal, Common Otter, Wild Cat, Red Deer, Suslick and many more – in total 87 – are represented by quite stable populations.

BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS

The butterfly and moth fauna is also considera­ble – more than 3000 species have been record­ed, including 208 native butterfly species. The unique character of the Bulgarian butterfly fauna is determined by the number of Balkan-Anatolian and Balkan-Turanic species living in the southern part of the country, as well as more than thirty en­demics and glacial relicts which occupy the sub­alpine belts of the high mountains. The country holds important populations of several species restricted to Europe and considered globally threatened. There are many sites with well pre­served butterfly habitats, especially in some river valleys and national park areas of Stara planina (the Balkans), Rila and Pirin Mountains.

FLORA

Bulgaria has some of the richest flora in Europe: 3 550-3 750 higher plant species and nearly 850 subspecies. Of special importance are the en­demic and relict species which constitute quite a significant part of Bulgaria's higher plant flora. About 170 species and 100 subspecies are identified as Bulgarian endemics.

Characteristic and unique to Bulgaria are spe­cies such as Primula deorum, Lilium rhodopae­aum, Oxytropis urumovii, Betonica bulgarica and many others, most of which are concentrated in the largest mountain ranges. Balkan endem­ics number up to 300 species and subspecies. Among them are Pinus peuce, Haberlea rho­dopensis, Sideritis scardica, Aquilegia aurea, Centranthus kellererii, Geum bulgaricum, Viola delphinantha and many others.

Orchids, the most spectacular of plant families, are very well represented in Bulgaria – with 68 species. As well as the common orchids such as Early purple orchid, Green-winged orchid, Com­mon spotted orchid, Fragrant orchid, Early marsh orchid, Red and White helleborine and others, a number of very rare orchids such as Lady's slip­per, Violet bird's-nest orchid, Ghost orchid and others can be seen here.

A wide range of plant communities can be ob­served in Bulgaria. A number of these are relict and endemic communities. Bulgarian endemic species are dominant in 27 communities and Balkan endemics are dominant in 77 others.

The greatest variety of habitats and plant com­munities occurs in the larger Bulgarian mountain ranges. Other plant communities of high con­servation value include sand dunes, and other habitats along the Black Sea coast; longose forests; steppe communities; the Mediterranean elements in the Struma and Mesta river valleys; mesophytic meadows in the plains and macro­phytic vegetation around water basins.

So, two of the most frequently asked questions – why in Bulgaria and when? – have no easy answers. Virtually all year round the country can offer you an exciting wildlife or botanic holiday.

WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHY

The beautiful nature with rich biodiversity and plenty of suitable, easy to approach good places make Bulgaria a great place for wildlife photog­raphy.

For people with main interest in bird photography, we should notice, that all four seasons provide excellent opportunities for photography. Every season is characterised with different light condi­tions and different species inhabited the same places. This creates more and new opportunities to be more creative in your photography work.

For macro photographers, often exchanging landscape, alternation of mountains, valleys, arid steppe areas and wetlands is a guarantee for excellent diversity of interesting and beauti­ful objects – plants, butterflies, dragonflies and all other small creatures from the invertebrate kingdom.

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